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In consequence of the continual disputes over printing privileges, successive printings of the Authorized Version were notably less careful than the edition had been—compositors freely varying spelling, capitalization and punctuation [90] —and also, over the years, introducing about 1, misprints some of which, like the omission of "not" from the commandment "Thou shalt not commit adultery" in the " Wicked Bible ", [91] became notorious.

The two Cambridge editions of and attempted to restore the proper text—while introducing over revisions of the original translators' work, chiefly by incorporating into the main text a more literal reading originally presented as a marginal note. By the first half of the 18th century, the Authorized Version was effectively unchallenged as the sole English translation in current use in Protestant churches, [10] and was so dominant that the Roman Catholic Church in England issued in a revision of the Douay-Rheims Bible by Richard Challoner that was very much closer to the Authorized Version than to the original.

Over the course of the 18th century, the Authorized Version supplanted the Hebrew, Greek and the Latin Vulgate as the standard version of scripture for English speaking scholars and divines, and indeed came to be regarded by some as an inspired text in itself—so much so that any challenge to its readings or textual base came to be regarded by many as an assault on Holy Scripture. By the midth century the wide variation in the various modernized printed texts of the Authorized Version, combined with the notorious accumulation of misprints, had reached the proportion of a scandal, and the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge both sought to produce an updated standard text.

First of the two was the Cambridge edition of , the culmination of 20 years' work by Francis Sawyer Parris , [96] who died in May of that year. This edition was reprinted without change in [97] and in John Baskerville 's fine folio edition of They undertook the mammoth task of standardizing the wide variation in punctuation and spelling of the original, making many thousands of minor changes to the text.

In addition, Blayney and Parris thoroughly revised and greatly extended the italicization of "supplied" words not found in the original languages by cross-checking against the presumed source texts. Blayney seems to have worked from the Stephanus edition of the Textus Receptus , rather than the later editions of Theodore Beza that the translators of the New Testament had favoured; accordingly the current Oxford standard text alters around a dozen italicizations where Beza and Stephanus differ.

Altogether, the standardization of spelling and punctuation caused Blayney's text to differ from the text in around 24, places. Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. There are a number of superficial edits in these three verses: 11 changes of spelling, 16 changes of typesetting including the changed conventions for the use of u and v , three changes of punctuation, and one variant text—where "not charity" is substituted for "no charity" in verse two, in the erroneous belief that the original reading was a misprint.

A particular verse for which Blayney 's text differs from Parris 's version is Matthew , where Parris has. Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? Blayney changes 'lost his savour' to 'lost its savour', and troden to trodden. For a period, Cambridge continued to issue Bibles using the Parris text, but the market demand for absolute standardization was now such that they eventually adapted Blayney's work but omitted some of the idiosyncratic Oxford spellings.

By the midth century, almost all printings of the Authorized Version were derived from the Oxford text—increasingly without Blayney's variant notes and cross references, and commonly excluding the Apocrypha. Scrivener, who for the first time consistently identified the source texts underlying the translation and its marginal notes. Norton also innovated with the introduction of quotation marks, while returning to a hypothetical text, so far as possible, to the wording used by its translators, especially in the light of the re-emphasis on some of their draft documents.

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From the early 19th century the Authorized Version has remained almost completely unchanged—and since, due to advances in printing technology, it could now be produced in very large editions for mass sale, it established complete dominance in public and ecclesiastical use in the English-speaking Protestant world. Academic debate through that century, however, increasingly reflected concerns about the Authorized Version shared by some scholars: a that subsequent study in oriental languages suggested a need to revise the translation of the Hebrew Bible—both in terms of specific vocabulary, and also in distinguishing descriptive terms from proper names; b that the Authorized Version was unsatisfactory in translating the same Greek words and phrases into different English, especially where parallel passages are found in the synoptic gospels ; and c in the light of subsequent ancient manuscript discoveries, the New Testament translation base of the Greek Textus Receptus could no longer be considered to be the best representation of the original text.

Responding to these concerns, the Convocation of Canterbury resolved in to undertake a revision of the text of the Authorized Version, intending to retain the original text "except where in the judgement of competent scholars such a change is necessary". The resulting revision was issued as the Revised Version in New Testament , Old Testament and Apocrypha ; but, although it sold widely, the revision did not find popular favour, and it was only reluctantly in that Convocation approved it for reading in churches.

By the early 20th century, editing had been completed in Cambridge's text, with at least 6 new changes since , and the reversing of at least 30 of the standard Oxford readings. The distinct Cambridge text was printed in the millions, and after the Second World War "the unchanging steadiness of the KJB was a huge asset. The Authorized Version maintained its effective dominance throughout the first half of the 20th century. New translations in the second half of the 20th century displaced its years of dominance roughly to , [] but groups do exist—sometimes termed the King James Only movement —that distrust anything not in agreement with the Authorized Version.

Scrivener and D. Norton have both written in detail on editorial variations which have occurred through the history of the publishing of the Authorized Version from to In the 19th century, there were effectively three main guardians of the text. Norton identified five variations among the Oxford, Cambridge and London Eyre and Spottiswoode texts of , such as the spelling of "farther" or "further" at Matthew In the 20th century, variation between the editions was reduced to comparing the Cambridge to the Oxford.

Distinctly identified Cambridge readings included "or Sheba" Joshua , "sin" 2 Chronicles , "clifts" Job , "vapour" Psalm , "flieth" Nahum , "further" Matthew and a number of other references. In effect the Cambridge was considered the current text in comparison to the Oxford. The distinctions between the Oxford and Cambridge editions have been a major point in the Bible version debate , [] and a potential theological issue, [] particularly in regard to the identification of the Pure Cambridge Edition.

Cambridge University Press introduced a change at 1 John in , reversing its longstanding tradition of printing the word "spirit" in lower case by using a capital letter "S".

How I Know That The King James Bible Is The Word Of God by James Melton

Hardin of Bedford, Pennsylvania, wrote a letter to Cambridge inquiring about this verse, and received a reply on 3 June from the Bible Director, Jerry L. Hooper, admitting that it was a "matter of some embarrassment regarding the lower case 's' in Spirit". Like Tyndale's translation and the Geneva Bible, the Authorized Version was translated primarily from Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic texts, although with secondary reference both to the Latin Vulgate , and to more recent scholarly Latin versions; two books of the Apocrypha were translated from a Latin source.

Following the example of the Geneva Bible , words implied but not actually in the original source were distinguished by being printed in distinct type albeit inconsistently , but otherwise the translators explicitly rejected word-for-word equivalence. Bruce gives an example from Romans Chapter 5: []. The English terms "rejoice" and "glory" stand for the same word in the Greek original.

In Tyndale, Geneva and the Bishops' Bibles , both instances are translated "rejoice". In the Douay—Rheims New Testament, both are translated "glory". Only in the Authorized Version does the translation vary between the two verses. In obedience to their instructions, the translators provided no marginal interpretation of the text, but in some 8, places a marginal note offers an alternative English wording. Some of the annotated variants derive from alternative editions in the original languages, or from variant forms quoted in the fathers.

More commonly, though, they indicate a difference between the literal original language reading and that in the translators' preferred recent Latin versions: Tremellius for the Old Testament, Junius for the Apocrypha, and Beza for the New Testament. Luke and Acts a marginal note records a variant reading found in some Greek manuscript copies; in almost all cases reproducing a counterpart textual note at the same place in Beza's editions. Modern reprintings rarely reproduce these annotated variants—although they are to be found in the New Cambridge Paragraph Bible.

In addition, there were originally some 9, scriptural cross-references, in which one text was related to another. Such cross-references had long been common in Latin Bibles, and most of those in the Authorized Version were copied unaltered from this Latin tradition. Consequently the early editions of the KJV retain many Vulgate verse references—e. Also in obedience to their instructions, the translators indicated 'supplied' words in a different typeface; but there was no attempt to regularize the instances where this practice had been applied across the different companies; and especially in the New Testament, it was used much less frequently in the edition than would later be the case.

Psalm , etc. Otherwise, however, the Authorized Version is closer to the Hebrew tradition than any previous English translation—especially in making use of the rabbinic commentaries, such as Kimhi , in elucidating obscure passages in the Masoretic Text ; [] earlier versions had been more likely to adopt LXX or Vulgate readings in such places. Both of these versions were extensively referred to, as the translators conducted all discussions amongst themselves in Latin.

Scrivener identifies readings where the Authorized Version translators depart from Beza's Greek text, generally in maintaining the wording of the Bishop's Bible and other earlier English translations. For the other half, Scrivener was usually able to find corresponding Greek readings in the editions of Erasmus , or in the Complutensian Polyglot.

However, in several dozen readings he notes that no printed Greek text corresponds to the English of the Authorized Version, which in these places derives directly from the Vulgate. Unlike the rest of the Bible, the translators of the Apocrypha identified their source texts in their marginal notes. The translators record references to the Sixtine Septuagint of , which is substantially a printing of the Old Testament text from the Codex Vaticanus Graecus , and also to the Greek Septuagint edition of Aldus Manutius.

They had, however, no Greek texts for 2 Esdras , or for the Prayer of Manasses , and Scrivener found that they here used an unidentified Latin manuscript. The translators appear to have otherwise made no first-hand study of ancient manuscript sources, even those that—like the Codex Bezae —would have been readily available to them.

The translators took the Bishop's Bible as their source text, and where they departed from that in favour of another translation, this was most commonly the Geneva Bible. However, the degree to which readings from the Bishop's Bible survived into final text of the King James Bible varies greatly from company to company, as did the propensity of the King James translators to coin phrases of their own.

John Bois's notes of the General Committee of Review show that they discussed readings derived from a wide variety of versions and patristic sources; including explicitly both Henry Savile 's edition of the works of John Chrysostom and the Rheims New Testament, [] which was the primary source for many of the literal alternative readings provided for the marginal notes.

A number of Bible verses in the King James Version of the New Testament are not found in more recent Bible translations, where these are based on modern critical texts. In the early seventeenth century, the source Greek texts of the New Testament which were used to produce Protestant Bible versions were mainly dependent on manuscripts of the late Byzantine text-type , and they also contained minor variations which became known as the Textus Receptus.

A primary concern of the translators was to produce an appropriate Bible, dignified and resonant in public reading. Although the Authorized Version's written style is an important part of its influence on English, research has found only one verse—Hebrews —for which translators debated the wording's literary merits. While they stated in the preface that they used stylistic variation, finding multiple English words or verbal forms in places where the original language employed repetition, in practice they also did the opposite; for example, 14 different Hebrew words were translated into the single English word "prince".

In a period of rapid linguistic change the translators avoided contemporary idioms, tending instead towards forms that were already slightly archaic, like verily and it came to pass. The rival ending - e s , as found in present-day English, was already widely used by this time for example, it predominates over -eth in the plays of Shakespeare and Marlowe. This results in part from the academic stylistic preferences of a number of the translators—several of whom admitted to being more comfortable writing in Latin than in English—but was also, in part, a consequence of the royal proscription against explanatory notes.

Consequently, although the King had instructed the translators to use the Bishops' Bible as a base text, the New Testament in particular owes much stylistically to the Catholic Rheims New Testament, whose translators had also been concerned to find English equivalents for Latin terminology.

While the Authorized Version remains among the most widely sold, modern critical New Testament translations differ substantially from it in a number of passages, primarily because they rely on source manuscripts not then accessible to or not then highly regarded by earlyth-century Biblical scholarship. For example, in modern translations it is clear that Job —11 is referring throughout to mining operations, which is not at all apparent from the text of the Authorized Version.

The King James version contains several mistranslations; especially in the Old Testament where the knowledge of Hebrew and cognate languages was uncertain at the time. Most of these are minor and do not significantly change the meaning compared to the source material. The translators of the KJV note the alternative rendering, "rhinocerots" [ sic ] in the margin at Isaiah Despite royal patronage and encouragement, there was never any overt mandate to use the new translation.

It was not until that the Authorized Version replaced the Bishops Bible in the Epistle and Gospel lessons of the Book of Common Prayer , and it never did replace the older translation in the Psalter. In The Critical Review complained that "many false interpretations, ambiguous phrases, obsolete words and indelicate expressions Blayney's version, with its revised spelling and punctuation, helped change the public perception of the Authorized Version to a masterpiece of the English language.

Faber could say of the translation, "It lives on the ear, like music that can never be forgotten, like the sound of church bells, which the convert hardly knows how he can forego. The Authorized Version has been called "the most influential version of the most influential book in the world, in what is now its most influential language", "the most important book in English religion and culture", and "the most celebrated book in the English-speaking world ".

David Crystal has estimated that it is responsible for idioms in English, examples include feet of clay and reap the whirlwind. Furthermore, prominent atheist figures such as the late Christopher Hitchens and Richard Dawkins have praised the King James Version as being "a giant step in the maturing of English literature" and "a great work of literature", respectively, with Dawkins then adding, "A native speaker of English who has never read a word of the King James Bible is verging on the barbarian".

Although the Authorized Version's former monopoly in the English-speaking world has diminished—for example, the Church of England recommends six other versions in addition to it—it is still the most used translation in the United States, especially as the Scofield Reference Bible for Evangelicals. The Authorized Version is in the public domain in most of the world. However, in the United Kingdom, the right to print, publish and distribute it is a Royal prerogative and the Crown licenses publishers to reproduce it under letters patent.

The office of Queen's Printer has been associated with the right to reproduce the Bible for centuries, the earliest known reference coming in In the 18th century all surviving interests in the monopoly were bought out by John Baskett. The terms of the letters patent prohibit any other than the holders, or those authorized by the holders, from printing, publishing or importing the Authorized Version into the United Kingdom. The protection that the Authorized Version, and also the Book of Common Prayer , enjoy is the last remnant of the time when the Crown held a monopoly over all printing and publishing in the United Kingdom.

Translations of the books of the Biblical apocrypha were necessary for the King James version, as readings from these books were included in the daily Old Testament lectionary of the Book of Common Prayer. Protestant Bibles in the 16th century included the books of the Apocrypha—generally, following the Luther Bible , in a separate section between the Old and New Testaments to indicate they were not considered part of the Old Testament text—and there is evidence that these were widely read as popular literature, especially in Puritan circles; [] [] The Apocrypha of the King James Version has the same 14 books as had been found in the Apocrypha of the Bishop's Bible ; however, following the practice of the Geneva Bible , the first two books of the Apocrypha were renamed 1 Esdras and 2 Esdras , as compared to the names in the Thirty-nine Articles , with the corresponding Old Testament books being renamed Ezra and Nehemiah.

Starting in , volumes of the Geneva Bible were occasionally bound with the pages of the Apocrypha section excluded. In the Long Parliament forbade the reading of the Apocrypha in Church and in the first editions of the King James Bible without the Apocrypha were bound. The standardization of the text of the Authorized Version after together with the technological development of stereotype printing made it possible to produce Bibles in large print-runs at very low unit prices. For commercial and charitable publishers, editions of the Authorized Version without the Apocrypha reduced the cost, while having increased market appeal to non-Anglican Protestant readers.

With the rise of the Bible societies , most editions have omitted the whole section of Apocryphal books. That the funds of the Society be applied to the printing and circulation of the Canonical Books of Scripture, to the exclusion of those Books and parts of Books usually termed Apocryphal; []. The American Bible Society adopted a similar policy. Both societies eventually reversed these policies in light of 20th-century ecumenical efforts on translations, the ABS doing so in and the BFBS in Most adherents of the movement believe that the Textus Receptus is very close, if not identical, to the original autographs, thereby making it the ideal Greek source for the translation.

They argue that manuscripts such as the Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus , on which most modern English translations are based, are corrupted New Testament texts. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The title page to the first edition of the Authorized Version of the Bible by Cornelis Boel shows the Apostles Peter and Paul seated centrally above the central text, which is flanked by Moses and Aaron.

In the four corners sit Matthew , Mark , Luke and John , authors of the four gospels , with their symbolic animals. The rest of the Apostles with Judas facing away stand around Peter and Paul. Genesis —3. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. Genesis in other translations. John For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

John in other translations. Main category: Bible translations into English. See also: English translations of the Bible. Main article: List of major textual variants in the New Testament. See also: List of Bible verses not included in modern translations. Further information on the Apocrypha: Biblical canon. Main article: King James Only movement. Christianity portal. The correct style is therefore "James VI and I". According to J. Dore, [] the edition "so far as it goes, represents the edition of so completely that it may be consulted with as much confidence as an original.

The spelling, punctuation, italics, capitals, and distribution into lines and pages are all followed with the most scrupulous care. It is, however, printed in Roman instead of black letter type. Matthew : "great was the fall of it. Leviticus is changed to its in many modern printings. Richard Bancroft — , archbishop of Canterbury , served as overseer and established doctrinal conventions for the translators.

The new Bible was published in Not since the Septuagint —the Greek-language version of the Hebrew Scriptures Old Testament produced between the 3rd and the 2nd centuries bce —had a translation of the Bible been undertaken under royal sponsorship as a cooperative venture on so grandiose a scale.

In contrast to earlier practice, the new version was to use vulgar forms of proper names e. The translators used not only extant English-language translations, including the partial translation by William Tyndale c. The wealth of scholarly tools available to the translators made their final choice of rendering an exercise in originality and independent judgment. For this reason, the new version was more faithful to the original languages of the Bible and more scholarly than any of its predecessors. The impact of the original Hebrew upon the revisers was so pronounced that they seem to have made a conscious effort to imitate its rhythm and style in their translation of the Hebrew Scriptures.

The literary style of the English New Testament actually turned out to be superior to that of its Greek original. Some errors in subsequent editions have become famous. In the early 20th century the King James Version fell into disfavour among many mainstream Protestant churches, which viewed it as antiquated.

Beginning in the middle of the century, they increasingly turned to more-modern translations, such as the Revised Standard Version , the New International Version , and the New Revised Standard Version The King James Version, however, remained a popular source for the more famous Psalms and for the Gospels. English-speaking Roman Catholics used an authorized English Bible, the Douai-Reims , which was produced from the Latin Vulgate by English Catholic exiles in France, who also worked from many of the same English sources used by translators of the King James Version.

Yet among English Catholics the King James Version was widely accepted from the 18th century; moreover, when the Douai-Reims Bible was updated in the midth century, the translator, Richard Challoner — , a convert from Protestantism to Catholicism, largely worked from the King James Version. The Truth!!! The King James Bible means miracles to me and to everyone that reads it. It helps me understand the meaning of our savior!

The KJV is as close to the original as I have found. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you. It is the Bread of my life! Ajehovah witness asked about God the father,Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit, itold him the three are one. He was wanted to ague but after reading 1 John the King James Version,h? The King James Bible has all of the answers to lifes problems, and it means the world!

God's words to guide my life. Everything i feel lyk readin it every scnd,minute nd every hour, Old Person its life to my soul! The undiluted word of GOD. The real truth! Inspiring words of power, much assurance At first is like i was asleep and i don't know what going on and what passing me bye But by de help of king james bible am aweke and i can see feel and here de word of God is de food of my life. The perfect, un-perverted of God of which all truth originates!

John And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. Is my life, my love, my everything! The King James Bible means eveything to me but if your would read the word of God and apply it to your life it will be a comfort when you're down, a Doctor when you're sick. It keeps on the right road to get me to heaven.

The King James Bible means certainty to me. God speed! It is the "living word" of God! Bible is a guide to my journey on this earth into eternal glory in Jesus name. KJ is the basic information before leaving earth a. It is the most literal English translation ever made.

It and the Amplified are the closest thing in English we have to God's word and not man's word.

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I call it "my university Bible" all other versions are refrence Bibles. The King James Version is a blessed one. I have other translations that I use to cross reference and study with. Wisdom Salvation! Its God's preserved word, and his love for us makes it accessible to us so we may live to serve him. It is the Word of God that grounds me in peace in this troublesome world, giving me a light to carry in the darkness.

To me the Bible means God has already prepared us for the trials and temptations we face on earth and is preparing us for our heavenly home. Knowing that I am reading the inspired word of GOD, from the original text of Greek and Hebrew, with no added or deleted inserts, like other copies. When people put you down enough, you tend to believe, until you find our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ!

The Bible to me is like a road map for life. The KJV is my security and my assurance of the Cross! When we purchase something we get a instruction manual the bible is my instruction manual , Jesus purchased it for me with His blood Find The TRUTH Inside King James Bible It is only book that can take man out of sin man's problem or sin taking man out of it. It is our mirror of life. Each time u look into it u see either ur sin or ur righteousnes.

King James Version

My sword against evil, Our Jesus It is difficult to read every sentence, but my fav. Dont need 1 sentence 1 word will do it " LIFE " The King James Bible means the world to me, because it is God's instructions for his children to follow in his path, so that we may obtain eternal salvation. When it comes to truth. I want it to be as accurate as is attainable considering the Bible's Everything Peace , love and joy.. The King James Bible means "the truth" to me.

Truth Wisdom Love the light to my Path. It is the living word of God, that can live in our hearts if we believe on His son Jesus Christ as Lord and savior. The King James Bible means miracles to me and to whoever reads it. For man from God too witness:- Everything It's the most accurate version ever published. The newer version only says a little more at Jeremiah chapter 23 at the end of chapter. Older version's can be found in car boot sales. People who do use King James Bible do increase their faith in God rapidly.

Most books I read once, but I find the Bible is a book that when I pray for understanding and every time I read it something new is revealed which lifts me to a step beyond "me. The mind of God, given to man through inspiration. Life and my sword. Jesus is the word; and I want to know the word. KJV is the Word for me King James bible: experience the dynmaic,inspired logos word,clear concise and effective I am not trying to be in the contest I was a drug addict over 4 years ago and I went to a faith based rehab God Bless. Kjv is da word of GOD,n which is life,wisdom and knowledge God's word in it's most pure and true form, poetic and beautiful!

When you open a KJV you know God is speaking! It,s thy word Oh Lord, a two edged sword,with which thou admonish me and healeth me. It's a well of pure water when I'm thirsty and dry, bread when i'm hungrey and worn;when the battle is raging its my faithful sword my shelter in life's troubled storm.